Kemerovo city (1990 est. pop. 523,000), capital of Kemerovskaya oblast, central Siberian Russia, on the Tom River and on a branch of the Trans-Siberian RR. It is a coal-mining center of the Kuznetsk Basin, with important chemical and synthetic fiber industries.
Kemerovo, population 513,000. Founded in 1925. Until 1932 Kemerovo was called Scheglovsk. Kemerovo has arisen on a place of ancient Russian settlements, near Verkhnetomsky jail
Climate: Continental climate with long and severe winters and short and warm summers. The average temperature in January is -19 C and in July is +18 C.
Precipitation: average 300-500 mm and up to 900 mm in the mountains.
Natural Resources & Environment
Bodies of Water: The rivers of the Kemerovo Oblast belong to the Ob River Basin. The main river is the Tom, which flows 485 km across the oblast's territory. The other rivers are the Inya and the Kiya.
Soils: Black, grey forest, and mountain-taiga soils.
Flora: Forest-steppe and steppe vegetation with birch-aspen forests in the north-west. Mountain-taiga vegetation in the south and south-east, predominately coniferous species: fir, silver fir, cedar).
Fauna: Elk, bear, lynx, badger, Siberian weasel, squirrel, and fox.
Kemerovo is the largest industrial region in Siberia, and is one of the key regions in the Russian economy. Even though the region covers 0.85 percent of Russia's territory, it contributes 2.1 percent to the Russian economy. The region contributes over 44 percent of the rock coal, and 70 percent of the coking coal mined in Russia. In addition, over 13 percent of steel and cast-iron, 23 percent of rolled steel, 11 percent of aluminum and 17 percent of coke is produced in the region. In 2000, gross regional production was equivalent to 102 billion rubles (approximately US$4 billion).
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